Cobalt-catalyzed synthesis of N-containing heterocycles via cyclization of ortho-substituted anilines with CO2/H2†
The CO2-involved synthesis of chemicals is of great significance from the green and sustainable chemistry viewpoint. Herein, we report a non-noble metal catalytic system composed of CoF2, CsF and P(CH2CH2PPh2)3 (denoted as PP3) for the synthesis of N-containing heterocycles from ortho-substituted anilines and CO2/H2. Mechanism investigation indicates that [Co(PP3)H(CO2)]+ is a catalytically active intermediate under working conditions; and CsF plays important roles in activating ortho-substituted anilines via hydrogen bond interactions, thus promoting the formation of the final products. This catalytic system is highly efficient, and allows a wide scope of ortho-substituted anilines, together with excellent functional group tolerance, affording various N-containing heterocycles in good to excellent yields.