Scalable and super-stable exfoliation of graphitic carbon nitride in biomass-derived γ-valerolactone: enhanced catalytic activity for the alcoholysis and cycloaddition of epoxides with CO2†
Biomass-derived γ-valerolactone (GVL) could exfoliate bulk g-C3N4 to form a super-stable dispersion of few-layer g-C3N4 nanosheets with a high concentration of up to 0.8 mg mL−1 due to the polarity and the appropriate surface energy of GVL. The exfoliation process can be easily extended to a 200 ml scale and should be extended further. The formed g-C3N4 nanosheets showed enhanced activity for the alcoholysis of epoxides and the cycloaddition of epoxides with CO2 owing to their higher specific surface areas and more exposed active centers than the bulk g-C3N4. This affords a green, facile and scalable method to form few-layer g-C3N4 nanosheets and further expand the application of g-C3N4 materials to the field of non-photocatalysis.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2017 Green Chemistry Hot Articles