Multicompartment emulsion droplets for programmed release of hydrophobic cargoes†
Delivery systems with multicompartmental structures that allow simultaneous delivery of several cargos are of great interest in both fundamental research and industrial applications. Here, we report a facile and easily scalable approach to fabricate multi-compartmentalized microdroplets for achieving programmed release of hydrophobic cargoes. Well-dispersed nanodroplets stabilized by natural Quillaja saponin served as an effective colloid stabilizer for fabricating microscale emulsion droplets with multicompartment architectures comprising many nanoscale droplets as a shell and single microscale core. Control of the number of nanodroplets allows accurate manipulation of the interface permeability for flexible and controllable release of volatile compounds (e.g., 2,3-butanedione, cis-3-hexen-1-ol, ethyl butyrate, D-limonene). More interestingly, the multicompartment microdroplets exhibited a higher flexibility for programmed release of different volatile compounds, as well as curcumin, during in vitro digestion by introducing cargos into the shell subcompartments or core microcompartment. The promising results highlight the power of this multi-compartmentalized system toward accessing a powerful platform for functional cargo delivery strategies.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Food & Function Recent HOT articles