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Issue 12, 2018

Expression enhancement in brown adipose tissue of genes related to thermogenesis and mitochondrial dynamics after administration of pepsin egg white hydrolysate

Author affiliations

Abstract

Nutritional compounds could be a safe and less expensive treatment for complications associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of action and the target tissues of a pepsin egg white hydrolysate (EWH) which had previously been demonstrated to improve some obesity-related disorders on a high-fat/high-glucose rat model. Wistar rats were used and divided into 3 groups: Control group (C), High-fat/high-glucose diet (MS) and high-fat/high-glucose diet + EWH (MSH). The rats were fed for 20 weeks and the EWH was administered from the 9th week. At the end of the study, white adipose tissue (WAT), brown adipose tissue (BAT) and muscle samples were collected for RT-qPCR analyses and immunohistochemistry. Our results showed a gene expression enhancement (2-fold basal level) in BAT of genes related to thermogenesis and mitochondrial dynamics. Mitochondrial DNA quantification and immunohistochemistry results also showed an increase of the mitochondrial content in this tissue. In conclusion, our results show the potential metabolic effect of this pepsin EWH by enhancing mitochondrial proliferation and gene expression related to thermogenesis in BAT. The EWH could be used as a functional food ingredient which is able to increase energy expenditure and counteract obesity-related MetS in a chronically obese society.

Graphical abstract: Expression enhancement in brown adipose tissue of genes related to thermogenesis and mitochondrial dynamics after administration of pepsin egg white hydrolysate

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
05 Sep 2018
Accepted
06 Nov 2018
First published
06 Nov 2018

Food Funct., 2018,9, 6599-6607
Article type
Paper

Expression enhancement in brown adipose tissue of genes related to thermogenesis and mitochondrial dynamics after administration of pepsin egg white hydrolysate

S. Moreno-Fernández, M. Garcés-Rimón, J. A. Uranga, J. Astier, J. F. Landrier and M. Miguel, Food Funct., 2018, 9, 6599 DOI: 10.1039/C8FO01754A

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