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Issue 9, 2017
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Rapid identification of α-glucosidase inhibitors from Dioscorea opposita Thunb peel extract by enzyme functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coupled with HPLC-MS/MS

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Abstract

Dioscorea opposita Thunb, commonly known as “yam” that has a long dietary therapy history for diabetes, is widely consumed as a botanical dietary supplement and widely cultivated in China. In this work, a method for rapid screening of α-glucosidase inhibitors from Dioscorea opposita Thunb peel extract was developed using α-glucosidase functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (αG-MNPs) as a solid phase extraction absorbent in combination with high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). Two α-glucosidase inhibitors were selectively extracted and identified as batatasin I and 2,4-dimethoxy-6,7-dihydroxyphenanthrene. Their α-glucosidase inhibitory activities (IC50 = 2.55 mM and 0.40 mM, respectively) were significantly higher than that of acarbose (as control). Taking advantage of the specificity in enzyme binding and the convenience of magnetic separation, this method has great potential for rapid and fast screening of α-glucosidase inhibitors from complex natural resources.

Graphical abstract: Rapid identification of α-glucosidase inhibitors from Dioscorea opposita Thunb peel extract by enzyme functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coupled with HPLC-MS/MS

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Article information


Submitted
23 Jun 2017
Accepted
25 Jul 2017
First published
26 Jul 2017

Food Funct., 2017,8, 3219-3227
Article type
Paper

Rapid identification of α-glucosidase inhibitors from Dioscorea opposita Thunb peel extract by enzyme functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coupled with HPLC-MS/MS

S. Zhang, D. Wu, H. Li, J. Zhu, W. Hu, M. Lu and X. Liu, Food Funct., 2017, 8, 3219
DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00928C

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