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Issue 9, 2016
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Dietary resistant starch type 4-derived butyrate attenuates nuclear factor-kappa-B1 through modulation of histone H3 trimethylation at lysine 27

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Abstract

Indigestible resistant starches (RS) are substrates for gut-microbial metabolism and have been shown to attenuate intestinal inflammation but the supporting evidence is inconsistent and lacks mechanistic explanation. We have recently reported dietary RS type 4 (RS4) induced improvements in immunometabolic functions in humans and a concomitant increase in butyrogenic gut-bacteria. Since inflammation is a key component in metabolic diseases, here we investigated the effects of RS4-derived butyrate on the epigenetic repression of pro-inflammatory genes in vivo and in vitro. RS4-fed mice, compared to the control-diet group, had higher cecal butyrate and increased tri-methylation of lysine 27 on histone 3 (H3K27me3) in the promoter of nuclear factor-kappa-B1 (NFκB1) in the colon tissue. The H3K27me3-enrichment inversely correlated with the concentration dependent down-regulation of NFκB1 in sodium butyrate treated human colon epithelial cells. Two additional inflammatory genes were attenuated by sodium butyrate, but were not linked with H3K27me3 changes. This exploratory study presents a new opportunity for studying underlying H3K27me3 and other methylation modifying mechanisms linked to RS4 biological activity.

Graphical abstract: Dietary resistant starch type 4-derived butyrate attenuates nuclear factor-kappa-B1 through modulation of histone H3 trimethylation at lysine 27

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Jun 2016, accepted on 08 Aug 2016 and first published on 09 Aug 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6FO00856A
Food Funct., 2016,7, 3772-3781

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    Dietary resistant starch type 4-derived butyrate attenuates nuclear factor-kappa-B1 through modulation of histone H3 trimethylation at lysine 27

    Y. Liu, B. Upadhyaya, A. R. Fardin-Kia, R. M. Juenemann and M. Dey, Food Funct., 2016, 7, 3772
    DOI: 10.1039/C6FO00856A

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