Seasonal variations in the regiodistribution of oil extracted from small-spotted catshark and bogue
The aim of this work was to seasonally characterize the nutritional quality of oil extracted from small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula) and bogue (Boops boops). The proximate composition, lipid profile and regiodistribution of the fatty acid in the glycerol backbone were analyzed. In addition, three nutritional indexes were calculated (atherogenicity and thrombogenicity indexes and the hypocholesterolaemic/hypercholesterolaemic ratio). Both species presented PUFA as the predominant fraction, the most abundant being DHA. Healthy values of the aforementioned indexes were maintained throughout the year. Moreover, the relative composition of omega 3 fatty acids at the sn-2 position ranged from 47.3 to 66.8 mol%, attracting interest in the employment of these oils as the raw source for the production of 2-monoacylglycerols. Regarding the individual behavior of each fatty acid, DHA presented a high tendency to occupy the sn-2 bond, whereas EPA presented the opposite behavior.