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Issue 2, 2015
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Enhancement of flavonoid ability to cross the blood–brain barrier of rats by co-administration with α-tocopherol

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Abstract

Vitamin E and polyphenols could exhibit a therapeutic role in the treatment of oxidative stress-induced neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, their ability to cross the blood–brain barrier (BBB) represents an important issue to be explored by different diet combinations. In this study, we have evaluated the ability of α-tocopherol to support epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), quercetin and rutin to cross the BBB, following oral administration. Eighteen rats were fed a standard diet (C), a diet supplemented with α-tocopherol (A), with a mixture of EGCG, quercetin and rutin (P); or with a mixture of α-tocopherol and the three flavonoids (AP). Flavonoids and their conjugated derivatives were assayed in brain and plasma by HPLC-MS, whereas α-tocopherol was detected by RP-HPLC. The oxidative damage, due to the potential pro-oxidant activity of flavonoids, was evaluated by the presence of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in hippocampal Cornus Ammonis, one of the most vulnerable sites in the brain. Our results indicate that α-tocopherol is able to promote quercetin transport across the BBB. The mixture of rutin and quercetin seems to favour the accumulation of quercetin and/or its conjugated derivatives in the brain. In contrast, α-tocopherol does not affect EGCG transport across the BBB. The densitometric analysis of 8-OHdG immunoreactivity does not reveal any difference of oxidative damage among the experimental groups. Our results suggest that α-tocopherol may promote quercetin transport across the BBB, leading to a significant increase of α-tocopherol and quercetin concentration in the brain.

Graphical abstract: Enhancement of flavonoid ability to cross the blood–brain barrier of rats by co-administration with α-tocopherol

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Sep 2014, accepted on 20 Nov 2014 and first published on 21 Nov 2014


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C4FO00817K
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Citation: Food Funct., 2015,6, 394-400

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    Enhancement of flavonoid ability to cross the blood–brain barrier of rats by co-administration with α-tocopherol

    P. Ferri, D. Angelino, L. Gennari, S. Benedetti, P. Ambrogini, P. Del Grande and P. Ninfali, Food Funct., 2015, 6, 394
    DOI: 10.1039/C4FO00817K

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