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Issue 1, 2013
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Mechanisms and prospects of foodprotein hydrolysates and peptide-induced hypolipidaemia

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Hyperlipidaemia is an important risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease, a leading global health issue. While pharmaceutical interventions have proved efficacious in acute conditions, many hypolipidaemic drugs are known to induce adverse side effects. Due to a strong positive link between functional food components and human health, emerging research has explored the application of natural food-based strategies in disease management. One of such strategies involves the use of food proteins as precursors of peptides with a wide variety of beneficial health functions. Some plant, animal and marine-derived protein hydrolysates and peptides have shown promising hypolipidaemic properties when evaluated in vitro, in cultured mammalian cells and animal models. The products exert their functions via bile acid-binding and disruption of cholesterol micelles in the gastrointestinal tract, and by altering hepatic and adipocytic enzyme activity and gene expression of lipogenic proteins, which can modulate aberrant physiological lipid profiles. The activity of the protein hydrolysates and peptides depends on their physicochemical properties including hydrophobicity of amino acid residues but there is knowledge gap on detailed structure–function relationships and efficacy in hyperlipidaemic human subjects. Based on the prospects, commercial functional food products containing hypolipidaemic peptides have been developed for enhancement of cardiovascular health.

Graphical abstract: Mechanisms and prospects of food protein hydrolysates and peptide-induced hypolipidaemia

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Article information

23 Aug 2012
19 Oct 2012
First published
22 Oct 2012

Food Funct., 2013,4, 40-51
Article type
Review Article

Mechanisms and prospects of food protein hydrolysates and peptide-induced hypolipidaemia

A. Howard and C. C. Udenigwe, Food Funct., 2013, 4, 40
DOI: 10.1039/C2FO30216K

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