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Issue 5, 2021
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Architecting a Janus biomass carbon/sponge evaporator with salt-rejection and ease of floatation for sustainable solar-driven desalination

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Abstract

Solar generation technology is considered to be one of the most promising seawater desalination methods. To achieve a high and stable water production rate, the absorber structure and salt deposition are two key problems to be solved. As an effective salt-rejecting structure, a Janus structure can promote steam generation efficiency by reducing heat loss compared with traditional superhydrophilic structures. Here, we designed a Janus biomass carbon/sponge (JBCS) evaporator composed of carbonized original leaf particles and commercial melamine sponge seamlessly integrated with each other by a simple “soak-dip” method. The upper hydrophobic carbon sponge provides excellent salt-rejection and good heat-localization, while the seamless hydrophilic melamine sponge underneath ensures a continuous water supply. The synergistic advantages of the Janus structure allow the evaporator to maintain a stable photothermal conversion efficiency of 86.5% without salt deposition in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution under 1 sun. Therefore, the sustainable JBCS can be used as a promising option to obtain clean fresh water resources to meet the needs of water-scarce areas.

Graphical abstract: Architecting a Janus biomass carbon/sponge evaporator with salt-rejection and ease of floatation for sustainable solar-driven desalination

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Article information


Submitted
24 Jan 2021
Accepted
08 Mar 2021
First published
08 Mar 2021

Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2021,7, 879-885
Article type
Paper

Architecting a Janus biomass carbon/sponge evaporator with salt-rejection and ease of floatation for sustainable solar-driven desalination

K. Xu, C. Wang, Z. Li, X. Yan, X. Mu, M. Ma and P. Zhang, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2021, 7, 879 DOI: 10.1039/D1EW00070E

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