Iron nanoparticles for environmental clean-up: recent developments and future outlook
Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) is one of the most extensively applied nanomaterials for groundwater and hazardous waste treatment. In the past fifteen years, progress made in several key areas has deepened our understanding of the merits and uncertainties of nZVI-based remediation applications. These areas include the materials chemistry of nZVI in its simple and modified forms, the nZVI reactivity with a wide spectrum of contaminants in addition to the well-documented chlorinated solvents, methods to enhance the colloidal stability and transport properties of nZVI in porous media, and the effects of nZVI amendment on the biogeochemical environment. This review aims to provide an up-to-date account of advancement in these areas as well as insights gained through field experience.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Anthropogenic nanoparticles in the environment