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Issue 7, 2011
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Occurrence of selected antibiotics in Jiulongjiang River in various seasons, South China

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Abstract

The concentrations of six sulfonamides (SAs) and three tetracyclines (TCs) were investigated in Jiulongjiang River during the low water season and the high water season. They were monitored in both surface water and sediment. Total concentrations of all these antibiotics varied from 31 to 25 771 ng g−1 in sediment samples. In water they ranged from 60 to 2607 ng L−1 during the low water season and from ND (not detected) to 134 ng L−1 during the high water season. At the sites nearby breeding farms, chlorotetracycline was found to have the highest concentration of 1036 ng L−1 in water and 14 666 ng g−1 in sediments. According to the published data, the concentrations of sulfamethazine, sulfameter and TCs at these sites were higher than that in most rivers. The concentrations during the low water season were tens to hundreds of times higher than that in the high water season. The lower concentrations of TCs in the high water season might result from both dilution and photo-degradation, while dilution and bio-degradation might lead to the lower concentrations of SAs. However, further study is needed to clarify the specific reasons. Concerning the relationship between sediment and water samples, the pseudo-partitioning values of TCs were much higher than SAs. It indicates that the TCs are prone to accumulate in the sediment.

Graphical abstract: Occurrence of selected antibiotics in Jiulongjiang River in various seasons, South China

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Article information


Submitted
21 Dec 2010
Accepted
04 Apr 2011
First published
19 May 2011

J. Environ. Monit., 2011,13, 1953-1960
Article type
Paper

Occurrence of selected antibiotics in Jiulongjiang River in various seasons, South China

D. Zhang, L. Lin, Z. Luo, C. Yan and X. Zhang, J. Environ. Monit., 2011, 13, 1953
DOI: 10.1039/C0EM00765J

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