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Issue 3, 2007
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Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from materials collected from buildings affected by microorganisms

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Abstract

In this study mould damaged materials, including carpet, concrete, gypsum board, insulation, plastic, sand and wood, from 20 different buildings with moisture problems were collected. To study emissions from these materials both conventional methods for sampling, such as collection on Tenax TA, were used as well as complementary methods for sampling a wider spectrum of compounds, such as more volatile VOCs, amines and aldehydes. Analysis was carried out using gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography. Mass spectrometry was used for identification of compounds. Alcohols and ketones were almost exclusively emitted from the materials after they had been wet for a week. Acids were also emitted in large quantities from wet gypsum board and plastic. No primary or secondary amines could be identified, but two tertiary amines, trimethylamine and triethylamine, were emitted from sand contaminated by Bacillus. The most common moulds found were Penicillium and Aspergillus. A multivariate method (partial least squares, PLS) was used to investigate the emission patterns from the materials. Materials with bacterial growth had a different VOC profile to those with only mould growth.

Graphical abstract: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from materials collected from buildings affected by microorganisms

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Article information


Submitted
10 Oct 2006
Accepted
15 Dec 2006
First published
23 Jan 2007

J. Environ. Monit., 2007,9, 240-245
Article type
Paper

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from materials collected from buildings affected by microorganisms

A.-S. Claeson, M. Sandström and A.-L. Sunesson, J. Environ. Monit., 2007, 9, 240
DOI: 10.1039/B614766F

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