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Issue 6, 2001
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Abstract

Atmospheric nitrogen species including NO3, NH4+ and total nitrogen in air and precipitation samples were collected with low-volume filter packs and wet deposition collectors from March 1999 through the end of December 2000 in seven sampling locations in Connecticut. Three sampling locations were chosen along the shores of Long Island Sound and four were chosen in interior sections of Connecticut. Sampling sites were chosen to represent both rural and urban sectors. Wet deposition flux of nitrogen species was calculated using wet concentrations, the volume of collected precipitation and the opening surface area of the Aerochemetrics wet deposition collector. The dry deposition flux of nitrogen species was estimated with the application of the dry deposition inferential model (DDIM). Bulk deposition of nitrogen was collected with the aid of a device based on the Swedish IVL Sampler. The dry deposition fluxes of NO3, NH4+ and total nitrogen were found to be significantly higher in urban areas than the rural sampling locations. There was, however, no significant difference between the wet deposition fluxes of different nitrogen species in rural and urban sampling locations. When inland and coastal sites were compared, the dry deposition fluxes of NH4+ and total nitrogen were significantly higher in inland locations and there was no significant difference between coastal and inland sampling locations for wet deposition fluxes of nitrogen species. No significant difference was observed between the bulk deposition and the sum of the wet and dry deposition fluxes of total nitrogen at rural sampling locations. In urban sampling locations, the bulk deposition flux of total nitrogen was significantly lower than the sum of dry and wet deposition fluxes. There appears to be a similar seasonal trend in wet and dry deposition fluxes of total nitrogen in Connecticut with high and low deposition fluxes occurring in summer and winter periods, respectively.

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Article information


Submitted
01 Aug 2001
Accepted
05 Oct 2001
First published
08 Nov 2001

J. Environ. Monit., 2001,3, 671-680
Article type
Paper

Estimation of wet, dry and bulk deposition of atmospheric nitrogen in Connecticut

F. Nadim, M. M. Trahiotis, S. Stapcinskaite, C. Perkins, R. J. Carley, G. E. Hoag and X. Yang, J. Environ. Monit., 2001, 3, 671
DOI: 10.1039/B107008H

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