Metal organic frameworks for photo-catalytic water splitting†
Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have recently debuted as participants and solid supports in catalytic water splitting. Their porosity and structural versatility offer a tantalising consolidation of the components needed for solar light harvesting and water splitting. Herein, we describe a selection of relevant contemporary investigations that employ electrocatalysis, chemically introduced redox partners, and photo-catalysts to generate dioxygen and dihydrogen from water. The role of semiconducting MOFs in these systems is addressed, in tandem with band gap control by linker functionalisation and doping. Considered holistically, MOFs offer an impressive physical, spatial and chemical versatility with which to support and sustain water splitting reactions. Major challenges toward practical implementation do remain, but opportunities for development are evidently numerous.