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Issue 12, 2012
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Design and coupling of multifunctional TiO2nanotube photonic crystal to nanocrystalline titania layer as semi-transparent photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cell

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Abstract

In order to conquer the challenges in the current technology to couple a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) with a photonic crystal (PC), we propose a novel design of PC-based photoanode, composed of a thick TiO2 nanoparticle absorption layer and a thin TiO2 nanotube photonic crystal (TiO2 NT PC) membrane. In this architecture, the bandgap of TiO2 NT PC can be precisely tailored by modulating the anodization parameters using the current-pulse anodization process. Owing to the selective reflectivity of TiO2 NT PC, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the electrodes reveals a strong wavelength dependence. Strategies to enhance the efficiency of the newly designed DSSC and its relation to the selective reflection of the photoanode are discussed and evaluated by experimental and simulated results. Meanwhile, the functionality of TiO2 NT PC, offering both PC and light-scattering effects, has also been clarified. The combined effects of PC and light-scattering yield the maximum enhancement in PCE (39.5%) when the tailored TiO2 NT PC, with the best matching of its reflectance maximum to the dye absorption maximum, is integrated into a DSSC. The work presented here provides new insights into the design and tailoring of a photonic crystal to enhance the PCE of DSSCs for practical applications.

Graphical abstract: Design and coupling of multifunctional TiO2 nanotube photonic crystal to nanocrystalline titania layer as semi-transparent photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cell

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Article information


Submitted
14 Jul 2012
Accepted
27 Sep 2012
First published
27 Sep 2012

Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 9881-9888
Article type
Paper

Design and coupling of multifunctional TiO2 nanotube photonic crystal to nanocrystalline titania layer as semi-transparent photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cell

M. Guo, K. Xie, J. Lin, Z. Yong, C. T. Yip, L. Zhou, Y. Wang and H. Huang, Energy Environ. Sci., 2012, 5, 9881
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE22854H

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