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Issue 3, 2012
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Catalysts made of earth-abundant elements (Co, Ni, Fe) for water splitting: Recent progress and future challenges

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Abstract

This article reviews recent significant advances in the field of water splitting. Catalysts play very important roles in two half reactions of water splitting - water reduction and water oxidation. Considering potential future applications, catalysts made of cheap and earth abundant element(s) are especially important for economically viable energy conversion. This article focuses only on catalysts made of cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni) and iron (Fe) elements for water reduction and water oxidation. Different series of catalysts that can be applied in electrocatalytic and photocatalytic water spitting are discussed in detail and their catalytic mechanisms are introduced. Finally, the future outlook and perspective of catalysts made of earth abundant elements will be discussed.

Graphical abstract: Catalysts made of earth-abundant elements (Co, Ni, Fe) for water splitting: Recent progress and future challenges

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Article information


Submitted
22 Nov 2011
Accepted
06 Jan 2012
First published
06 Jan 2012

Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 6012-6021
Article type
Perspective

Catalysts made of earth-abundant elements (Co, Ni, Fe) for water splitting: Recent progress and future challenges

P. Du and R. Eisenberg, Energy Environ. Sci., 2012, 5, 6012
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE03250C

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