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Issue 2, 2012
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Large hybrid energy systems for making low CO2 load-following power and synthetic fuel

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Abstract

Hybrid energy systems using nuclear heat sources can economically produce load-following electrical power by exploiting their surplus generation capacity, available at night or seasonally, to make synthetic fuel. Vehicle fuel is the only current energy use large enough to absorb all the energy capacity that might be diverted from the power industry, and its ease of storage obviates problems with discontinuous synfuel production. The potential benefits and challenges of synfuels integration are illustrated by the production of methanol from natural gas (as a source of carbon) using steam from a light water nuclear power reactor which is assumed to be available in accord with a year's worth of power demand data. The synthesis of methanol is easily adapted to using 300 °C heat from a light water reactor and this simple compound can be further processed into gasoline, biodiesel (to esterify vegetable oils), or dimethyl ether, fuels which can be used with the current vehicle fleet. A supplemental feed to the methanol process of natural gas (for energy) allows operation at constant full rate when the nuclear heat is being used to produce electrical power. The higher capital costs of such a system are offset by a lower cost of heat and power production from a large base load type of plant and by reduced costs associated with much lower CO2 emissions. Other less tangible economic benefits of this and similar hybrid systems include better use of natural resources for fuels and greater energy supply reliability from the domestic production of vehicle fuel.

Graphical abstract: Large hybrid energy systems for making low CO2 load-following power and synthetic fuel

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Sep 2011, accepted on 31 Oct 2011 and first published on 22 Nov 2011


Article type: Analysis
DOI: 10.1039/C1EE02731J
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 5489-5497
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    Large hybrid energy systems for making low CO2 load-following power and synthetic fuel

    R. S. Cherry, S. E. Aumeier and R. D. Boardman, Energy Environ. Sci., 2012, 5, 5489
    DOI: 10.1039/C1EE02731J

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