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Issue 9, 2011
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Toward a rational control of solid acid catalysis for green synthesis and biomass conversion

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Abstract

Design of solid acid catalysts is one of the key technologies to establish environmental friendly catalytic processes. Featuring cation-exchanged clay and metal salts of heteropolyacids as model solid acid catalysts, a strategy for design of active catalysts for green chemical and biomass conversion processes is discussed. The important role of solid Lewis acids was suggested in acetylation of alcohols with acetic anhydride by cation-exchanged clay, Friedel–Crafts acylation and alkylation of aromatic compounds with metal salts of heteropolyacids, and hydrolysis of cellulose into saccharides. The significant influence of reactor design and reaction conditions on dehydration of saccharides into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is also discussed.

Graphical abstract: Toward a rational control of solid acid catalysis for green synthesis and biomass conversion

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Apr 2011, accepted on 03 Jun 2011 and first published on 25 Jul 2011


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C1EE01458G
Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 3140-3153

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    Toward a rational control of solid acid catalysis for green synthesis and biomass conversion

    K. Shimizu and A. Satsuma, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 3140
    DOI: 10.1039/C1EE01458G

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