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Issue 10, 2011
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CO2 desorption using high-pressure bipolar membraneelectrodialysis

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Abstract

The electrodialysis of gas evolving solutions may prove to be an important technology for many gas-separation applications, including CO2 and SO2 separation from mixed-gas streams. Progress on the use of electrodialysis for gas separation has been hampered by the increased resistance caused by gas bubbles on the surface of the electrodialysis membranes. This effect reduces the effective membrane surface area, causing increased voltages and reduced membrane lifetimes due to localized “hot spots” of high current density. To overcome this problem, we designed, constructed, and tested a bipolar membrane electrodialysis (BPMED) system designed to operate up to pressures as high as 20 atm. For given process conditions, operation at a sufficiently high pressure keeps all gas dissolved in solution, eliminating the problems caused by gas bubbles on the membrane surfaces. We performed CO2 desorption from aqueous bicarbonate solutions, demonstrating that high pressures decrease the resistance, voltage, and energy of the desorption process. Our results demonstrate that at high current densities (139 mA cm−2), the CO2 desorption energy from aqueous bicarbonate solutions under high-pressure operation can be 29% lower than under ambient-pressure operation.

Graphical abstract: CO2 desorption using high-pressure bipolar membrane electrodialysis

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Article information


Submitted
21 Mar 2011
Accepted
17 Jun 2011
First published
08 Aug 2011

Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 4031-4037
Article type
Paper

CO2 desorption using high-pressure bipolar membrane electrodialysis

M. D. Eisaman, L. Alvarado, D. Larner, P. Wang and K. A. Littau, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 4031
DOI: 10.1039/C1EE01336J

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