Recent development and application of cyclometalated iridium(iii) complexes as chemical and biological probes
Iridium complexes have been widely applied as molecular sensors because of their rich photophysical properties, including large Stokes shifts, long emission lifetimes, environment-sensitive emissions, and high luminescence quantum yields. In this paper, we review the recent development and application of iridium complexes as probes for ions, anions, gaseous species, organic molecules, small biomolecules, biomacromolecules, and subcellular organelles. Our outlook for iridium-based probes is also discussed.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2021 Frontier and Perspective articles