Hypervalent organoiodine(v) metal–organic frameworks: syntheses, thermal studies and stoichiometric oxidants†
Iodinated analogues of the highly porous IRMOF-9 and UiO-67 frameworks were prepared and post-synthetically oxidised with dimethyldioxirane (DMDO). Analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed promotion to the iodine(V) state and detailed differential scanning calorimetry-thermal gravimetric analysis (DSC-TGA) showed the hypervalent metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) undergo exothermic elimination at ∼200 °C with XPS showing hypervalency is maintained. The hypervalent MOFs are active heterogeneous reagents in sulfoxidation and alcohol oxidation reactions. The crystallinity and porosity of the MOFs were maintained following post-synthetic oxidation, thermolysis and after the heterogeneous reactions, as shown by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and gas adsorption analyses. This work showcases the unique ability MOFs hold for studying chemical reactions and the potential for hypervalent organoiodine MOFs as reuseable oxidants.