Sandwich double-decker Er(iii) and Yb(iii) complexes containing naphthalocyanine moiety: synthesis and investigation of the effect of a paramagnetic metal center†
Novel heteroleptic Er(III) and Yb(III) naphthalocyaninato-phthalocyaninates containing an octa-phenyl or octa-phenoxysubstituted naphthalocyanine deck were synthesised and identified by 1H NMR, EPR and high resolution MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry. Direct synthesis of novel homoleptic Yb(III) bis (octa-phenylnaphthalocyaninate) was carried out. Downfield lanthanide induced shifts of the aromatic protons in target compounds were observed compared with the corresponding diamagnetic Lu(III) complexes. In the near-IR absorption spectra, an increase in ionic radius from Lu(III) to Er(III) resulted in a bathochromic shift of the intervalence band up to 1473 nm. This work presents the first experimental EPR study of Yb(III) bis naphthalocyaninate, where a set of magnetic parameters and properties (including spin, magnitude and sign of magnetic anisotropy parameter D, increased splitting in a crystal field, ferromagnetic f–π interaction etc.) were determined and interpreted by both EPR and SQUID techniques and supported by theoretical considerations.