Bi2S3 nanorod-stacked hollow microtubes self-assembled from bismuth-based metal–organic frameworks as advanced negative electrodes for hybrid supercapacitors†
Bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3) with a lamellar structure has emerged as a promising negative electrode material for supercapacitors (SCs) due to its high theoretical specific capacity. Meanwhile, the improvement of electrochemical properties strongly depends on the size, shape and morphologies of Bi2S3 nanomaterials. Herein, the hierarchical Bi2S3 nanorod-stacked hollow microtubes are self-assembled through a facile self-sacrificing template strategy from bismuth-based metal–organic framework microprisms. Benefiting from the unique structures with a large specific surface area (54.3 m2 g−1), the as-prepared Bi2S3 exhibits an ultrahigh specific capacity (532 C g−1 at 1 A g−1) as a negative electrode for SCs, outperforming other reported Bi2S3 materials.