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Issue 6, 2019
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Manganese(III) acetate-mediated activation of C–H bonds of weak CH-acids; addition of o-carborane, its derivatives, and some other CH-acids to [60]-fullerene

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Abstract

o-Carborane, 9-I-o-carborane, 1-Me-o-carborane, and several other CH-acids, 9H-fluorene, 2-Br-9H-fluorene, and trimethylsylylacetylene, have been shown to react with C60 affording their monoadducts with fullerene, the reaction being mediated by Mn(OAc)3·2H2O. In the case of o-carborane, when the molar ratio of C60 : o-carborane : Mn(OAc)3·2H2O was 1 : 21 : 20, polyaddition occurred to furnish adducts bearing between one and six o-C2HB10H10 groups. A distinguishing characteristic of the carboranyl derivatives of C60 obtained appeared to be that the carboranyl moieties were connected to the fullerenyl one by their carbon atom. No such fullerene derivatives have been known so far. Based on the results previously obtained for the phosphonylation of fullerenes, an oxidative-ion-transfer (OIT) mechanism was suggested for the reactions. The mechanism involves the replacement of an acetate group in Mn(OAc)3 with the corresponding R of a CH-acid (RH), oxidation of C60 by Mn(OAc)2R with the formation of a pair [C60˙+, Mn(OAc)2] followed by the transfer of R to C60˙+ to furnish the radical RC60˙. The radical abstracts a hydrogen atom from another molecule of RH or from the solvent. The polyaddition occurs in an analogous way. This mechanism found support in this study owing to the fact that the reactions of both o-carborane and 9H-fluorene did not proceed with perfluorobenzophenone as a substrate, because it was unable to undergo oxidation. C70 reacted with o-carborane in a similar way to give the corresponding monoadduct. No reaction of C60 with m-carborane was observed and this was explained by its insufficient CH-acidity.

Graphical abstract: Manganese(iii) acetate-mediated activation of C–H bonds of weak CH-acids; addition of o-carborane, its derivatives, and some other CH-acids to [60]-fullerene

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Nov 2018, accepted on 03 Jan 2019 and first published on 18 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04565H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019,48, 2046-2058

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    Manganese(III) acetate-mediated activation of C–H bonds of weak CH-acids; addition of o-carborane, its derivatives, and some other CH-acids to [60]-fullerene

    B. L. Tumanskii, D. S. Sabirov, S. P. Solodovnikov and Y. I. Lyakhovetsky, Dalton Trans., 2019, 48, 2046
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04565H

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