Construction of a novel ternary composite of Co-doped CdSe loaded on biomass carbon spheres as visible light photocatalysts for efficient photocatalytic applications
The cobalt doped cadmium selenide/biomass carbon spheres (Co-CdSe/BCS) photocatalyst is easily prepared using a transitory hydrothermal reaction lasting 40 min. The Co-CdSe/BCS photocatalyst is constructed using the in situ growth of Co-CdSe nanodots on the surfaces of the BCS. Doped Co2+ generates an electron trap, which can capture the photoinduced electrons, resulting in the efficient separation of the photoinduced electron–hole pairs. Furthermore, the introduction of carbon spheres enhances the optical absorption property and the ability for electron transport. Results of electrochemical characterization and photoluminescence spectra demonstrate that the Co-CdSe/BCS is able to efficiently separate electron–hole pairs and inhibit their recombination. The as-synthesized samples display high efficiency for the photodegradation of methylene blue dye under visible light. This study offers a new strategy to promote photocatalytic performance of the CdSe photocatalyst.