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Issue 38, 2018
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Investigations of organic–inorganic hybrids based on homopiperidinium cation with haloantimonates(III) and halobismuthates(III). Crystal structures, reversible phase transitions, semiconducting and molecular dynamic properties

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Abstract

A description of the thermal, structural, 1H NMR, electric and optical properties of four organic–inorganic hybrids, haloantimonates(III) and halobismuthates(III), based on homopiperidinium cation: (C6H14N)2SbCl5 (abbrev. HSC), (C6H14N)2SbBr5 (HSB), (C6H14N)2BiCl6[H3O] (HBC), (C6H14N)2BiBr5 (HBB), is presented. The common feature of the crystal structures of the studied compounds is the 1D (one-dimensional) chain for the anionic network in HSC, HSB and HBB, 1D hydrogen bond chain between 0D (zero-dimensional, isolated) BiCl6 octahedrons and hydronium moieties in HBC as well as a rich polymorphism in the solid state for all title compounds. The structures of the Sb(III) and Bi(III) derivatives are not isomorphous and they crystallize in the following space groups: HSC in P212121 both at 280 and 150 K, HSB in Pmna and P212121 at 310 and 150 K, respectively, HBC in C2/m, C2/m and C2/c at 300, 260 and 200 K, respectively, and HBB in P21/n both at 280 and 200 K. The anionic networks are in the forms of either pseudo- and zig-zag chains or a chain of a hydrogen bond. The band gap values, using the Tauc plot as well as the ac and dc conductivity parameters, were estimated. On the basis of the 1H NMR spin–lattice relaxation times, T1, and second-moment, M2, measurements and the dielectric responses, the molecular mechanisms of the phase transitions (PTs) have been postulated. The structural PTs are discussed in terms of the changes in cationic dynamics and distortions of the anionic sublattice. The powder technique of SHG (Kurtz and Perry method) has been used to analyze the second-order nonlinear optical properties of HSC.

Graphical abstract: Investigations of organic–inorganic hybrids based on homopiperidinium cation with haloantimonates(iii) and halobismuthates(iii). Crystal structures, reversible phase transitions, semiconducting and molecular dynamic properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jul 2018, accepted on 02 Sep 2018 and first published on 03 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03121E
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 13507-13522

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    Investigations of organic–inorganic hybrids based on homopiperidinium cation with haloantimonates(III) and halobismuthates(III). Crystal structures, reversible phase transitions, semiconducting and molecular dynamic properties

    M. Moskwa, G. Bator, M. Rok, W. Medycki, A. Miniewicz and R. Jakubas, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 13507
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03121E

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