Luminescence properties and warm white LED application of a ternary-alkaline fluoride red phosphor K2NaAlF6:Mn4+ †
Herein, a Mn4+ ion doped complex ternary-alkaline fluoride red phosphor K2NaAlF6:Mn4+ has been synthesized through a facile two-step co-precipitation method at room temperature. The crystal structure, morphological properties and influence of the dopant concentration, temperature and humidity on luminescence properties as well as the performance of the as-synthesized phosphor used in white light emitting diodes (WLEDs) were investigated carefully. Intense absorption in the blue region (∼460 nm) and bright narrow-band red emission (∼630 nm) with high color purity were observed from this resultant powder. Temperature-dependent investigation and reliability examination in a HTHH environment (85 °C high temperature and 85% high humidity) indicate that the obtained ternary-alkaline fluoride phosphor K2NaAlF6:Mn4+ presents more exceptional thermal quenching behavior and longevity compared to some other binary-alkaline fluorides. Moreover, using K2NaAlF6:Mn4+ as a red light component, a warm WLED with a preferable color rendering index (Ra = 85.5) and luminous efficacy (LE = 91.2 lm W−1) as well as a low corresponding color temperature (CCT = 3650 K) is easily achieved, further revealing the great potential of the as-prepared ternary-alkaline fluoride red phosphor K2NaAlF6:Mn4+ for WLED applications.