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Issue 39, 2016
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Novel cis-[(NHC)1(NHC)2(L)Cl]platinum(II) complexes – synthesis, structures, and anticancer activities

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A general synthesis of novel platinum(II) complexes bearing two different, cis-oriented, N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands is presented. Easily accessible cis-[PtII(NHC)(DMSO)] precursor complexes were converted to either cis-[PtII(NHC)2Cl2] complexes such as 5a and 5b, or to novel mixed cis-[PtII(NHC)1(NHC)2Cl2] complexes such as 5c–h by successive introduction of the individual carbene ligands. The ‘symmetric’ complexes 5a and 5b were also converted to cationic cis-[PtII(NHC)2(PPh3)Cl]+Cl complexes 8a and 8b. The structures of the ten new complexes, comprising benzylated and alkylated imidazol-2-ylidene ligands, were analysed by 1H, 13C and 195Pt NMR spectroscopy and also by X-ray diffraction for 5a, 5d, 5h, and 8a. The neutral complexes 5 were cytotoxic against a panel of seven human cancer cell lines with IC50 values in the low micromolar range, while the cationic complexes 8 reached even nanomolar IC50 values. Complex 5h carrying the substitution pattern of the natural antitumoral agent Combretastatin A-4 showed a conspicuous specificity for cancer cell lines sensitive to this drug. In electrophoretic mobility shift assays, the cis-biscarbene complexes 5b and 8b led to an unwinding or aggregation of plasmid DNA, while the trans-biscarbene complex 1b showed no such effect.

Graphical abstract: Novel cis-[(NHC)1(NHC)2(L)Cl]platinum(ii) complexes – synthesis, structures, and anticancer activities

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The article was received on 13 Jun 2016, accepted on 28 Aug 2016 and first published on 29 Aug 2016

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6DT02350A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2016,45, 15390-15398

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    Novel cis-[(NHC)1(NHC)2(L)Cl]platinum(II) complexes – synthesis, structures, and anticancer activities

    T. Rehm, M. Rothemund, J. K. Muenzner, A. Noor, R. Kempe and R. Schobert, Dalton Trans., 2016, 45, 15390
    DOI: 10.1039/C6DT02350A

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