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Issue 35, 2015

A hydrothermally stable Zn(ii)-based metal–organic framework: structural modulation and gas adsorption

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Abstract

By the solvothermal reaction of a triangular ligand, 2,4,6-tris-(4-carboxyphenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine (H3tcpt) with Zn(NO3)2·6H2O in N,N′-dimethylacetamide/acetonitrile/H2O (v/v/v = 1 : 1 : 1) mixed solvents, a two-fold, interpenetrated, three-dimensional (3D), porous metal–organic framework, [Zn2(tcpt)OH]·solvents (1·solvents), with a rare, paddlewheel secondary building unit (SBU), Zn2(COO)3, was synthesized and characterized. It was found that a single 3D structure of 1 forms when two-dimensional layers, which are constructed by tcpt3− bonding with the paddlewheel SBUs, are linked by –OH groups along the axial sites of the SBUs. Compared with the reported Zn(II)-based partners with this ligand, synthesis conditions, particularly the solvents used, clearly played a key role in the formation of different SBUs, thereby resulting in distinct MOFs with the same ligand. In particular, 1 features good water and thermal stability and can withstand acidic aqueous solutions with pH values ranging from 5 to 12. In addition, 1 displays good adsorption ability towards H2 (2.21 wt% at 77 K and 1 atm) and can selectively adsorb CO2 from CH4 and N2, in spite of its relatively low void volume (36.8%), suggesting potential applications in gas storage and separation.

Graphical abstract: A hydrothermally stable Zn(ii)-based metal–organic framework: structural modulation and gas adsorption

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
11 May 2015
Accepted
24 Jul 2015
First published
24 Jul 2015

Dalton Trans., 2015,44, 15697-15702
Article type
Paper
Author version available

A hydrothermally stable Zn(II)-based metal–organic framework: structural modulation and gas adsorption

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, D. Zhang, B. Zhu and J. Li, Dalton Trans., 2015, 44, 15697 DOI: 10.1039/C5DT01770J

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