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Issue 8, 2012
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Influence of precursors chemistry on ALDgrowth of cobalt–molybdenum oxide films

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Cobalt molybdenum compounds are important catalytic materials in many processes, e.g. in splitting of ammonia to form CO free hydrogen fuel. We here report on deposition of such cobalt molybdenum oxides by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using different types of metal precursors CoCp2 (Cp = cyclopentadienyl), Co(thd)2 (Hthd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptan-3,5-dione), Mo(CO)6 and oxygen precursors O3, H2O, and (O3 + H2O). The growth dynamics have been investigated using quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) methods. It is evident that mixing of the different precursor chemistries affect the growth patterns. When water is introduced to the reactions, a surface controlled mechanism takes place which guides the deposited stoichiometry towards the CoMoO4 phase over a wide range of cobalt rich pulsed compositions. This is a rare example of how surface chemistry can control stoichiometry of depositions in ALD. The deposited films have been investigated by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. The catalytic activity of selected films have been characterized by temperature programmed ammonia decomposition, proving the films to be catalytically active and lowering the decomposition temperature by some 200 °C.

Graphical abstract: Influence of precursors chemistry on ALD growth of cobalt–molybdenum oxide films

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Article information

28 Sep 2011
22 Nov 2011
First published
04 Jan 2012

Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 2439-2444
Article type

Influence of precursors chemistry on ALD growth of cobaltmolybdenum oxide films

M. Diskus, M. Balasundaram, O. Nilsen and H. Fjellvåg, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 2439
DOI: 10.1039/C2DT11837H

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