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Issue 4, 2012
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Synthesis, characterization and phase transitions of the inorganic–organic layered perovskite-type hybrids [(CnH2n+1NH3)2PbI4], n = 7, 8, 9 and 10

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Abstract

Four inorganic–organic hybrid materials that consist of 2-D layers of corner-sharing lead(II) iodide octahedra separated by alkylammonium chains have been crystallized and characterized via single-crystal XRD (SCXRD). The four hybrids, represented by the general formula [(CnH2n+1NH3)2PbI4] and abbreviated CnPbI, exhibit multiple reversible phase transitions for a narrow temperature range. The transition temperatures were determined with differential scanning calorimetry experiments. The number of transitions and the transition temperatures are dependant on the chain length; for n = 7 and 10, there are three transitions, and for n = 8 and 9, there are two transitions. Regardless of the number of transitions, all four compounds have identical lowest temperature phases, which have inorganic layers that are eclipsed, non-planar conformations of the alkyl ammonium chains and yellow-coloured crystals. The next highest temperature phase for three of the compounds (C10PbI goes through an intermediate phase first), has staggered inorganic layers, all-trans planar conformations of the chains and orange coloured crystals. The highest temperature phase for n = 8 and 10 has red-coloured crystals and shows a disordering of the alkylammonium chains over two positions and staggered inorganic layers. The high temperature phase of C7PbI retains its orange colour and has only increased thermal motion of its alkylammonium chain. The structure of the high temperature phase of C9PbI was not determined. The SCXRD structures of the various phases give clues to the structural changes that the compounds undergo at the phase transitions, which will now enable future studies of their optical and electronic properties to be better understood.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis, characterization and phase transitions of the inorganic–organic layered perovskite-type hybrids [(CnH2n+1NH3)2PbI4], n = 7, 8, 9 and 10

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Dec 2010, accepted on 20 Jun 2011 and first published on 19 Aug 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01805H
Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 1146-1157

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    Synthesis, characterization and phase transitions of the inorganic–organic layered perovskite-type hybrids [(CnH2n+1NH3)2PbI4], n = 7, 8, 9 and 10

    A. Lemmerer and D. G. Billing, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 1146
    DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01805H

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