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Issue 46, 2009
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Ligand and electronic-structure effects in metal-mediated gas-phase activation of methane: A cold approach to a hot problem

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Abstract

Gas-phase ion–molecule reactions, complemented by DFT and wave-function based electronic structure calculations, are presented, which permit rather detailed descriptions of two fundamental processes related to the activation of methane at room temperature. (i) Recent examples are discussed, which shed light on the role of oxygen-centered radicals in the first step of the oxidative dimerization of methane, i.e. the homolytic C–H bond cleavage of methane. (ii) Thermal ligand exchange processes of the type ML+ + CH4→ M(CH3)+ + LH are analyzed in detail with an emphasis on L = H and F attached to various transition-metal cations M+. It will be demonstrated inter alia that similar systems, e.g. MH+ (M = Ni, Pd, Pt) in their room-temperature reactions with methane, actually exhibit fundamentally different mechanistic scenarios.

Graphical abstract: Ligand and electronic-structure effects in metal-mediated gas-phase activation of methane: A cold approach to a hot problem

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Article information


Submitted
24 Jul 2009
Accepted
11 Sep 2009
First published
05 Oct 2009

Dalton Trans., 2009, 10155-10165
Article type
Perspective

Ligand and electronic-structure effects in metal-mediated gas-phase activation of methane: A cold approach to a hot problem

M. Schlangen and H. Schwarz, Dalton Trans., 2009, 10155
DOI: 10.1039/B915165F

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