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Issue 21, 1995
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Lanthanide picrate complexes and picric acid adduct of a calix[4]arene diamide. Syntheses and structures of [Tm(LH–2)A], [Ce(LH–2)(MeOH)2A]·HA, [PrLA3] and L·2HA {L = 5,11,17,23-tetra-tert-butyl-25,27-bis(diethylcarbamoylmethoxy)-26,28-dihydroxycalix[4]arene, HA = picric acid}

Abstract

Reactions of 5,11,17,23-tetra-tert-butyl-25,27-bis(diethylcarbamoylmethoxy)-26,28-dihydroxycalix[4]arene (L) with lanthanide picrates produced 1 : 1 metal–calixarene complexes incorporating one, two or three picrate moieties, depending on the reaction conditions and the lanthanide used. Dichloromethane solutions of L have been found to extract picric acid (HA) from aqueous solution, resulting in the formation of an L·2HA adduct. Single crystal structure determinations have been carried out on [Tm(LH–2)A]·2.5CH2Cl2, [Ce(LH–2)(MeOH)2A]·HA·H2O, [PrLA3]·2CH2Cl2·1.5H2O and L·2HA·EtOH. The possible variations of these formulae, depending on the charge distribution within the complexes, are discussed. The calixarene is found in a distorted cone conformation in each case. The intense colour of some of these complexes appears to correlate with the disposition of a picrate moiety close to a calixarene phenyl ring, consistent with calixarene→picrate charge-transfer absorption. The UV /VIS spectroscopic studies suggest that at least some aspects of the solid-state structures are maintained in solution.

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Article information


J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1995, 3455-3466
Article type
Paper

Lanthanide picrate complexes and picric acid adduct of a calix[4]arene diamide. Syntheses and structures of [Tm(LH–2)A], [Ce(LH–2)(MeOH)2A]·HA, [PrLA3] and L·2HA {L = 5,11,17,23-tetra-tert-butyl-25,27-bis(diethylcarbamoylmethoxy)-26,28-dihydroxycalix[4]arene, HA = picric acid}

P. D. Beer, M. G. B. Drew, A. Grieve and M. I. Ogden, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1995, 3455 DOI: 10.1039/DT9950003455

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