Equilibria and thermodynamic quantities for the reactions of molybdenum(VI) and tungsten(VI) with mandelate (α-hydroxybenzeneacetate)
The complex formation of molybdate and tungstate with mandelate [PhCH(OH)CO2–] have been investigated in the range pHc 7.5–1.5 by potentiometric, spectrophotometric and enthalpimetric titrations at 25 °C in 1.0 mol dm–3 NaCl. The potentiometric data were treated with the computer program SUPERQUAD taking into account the side-reactions of molybdate and tungstate with hydrogen ions. For both systems the ‘best’ reaction model comprises only one major complex and a number of minor complexes. Thermodynamic quantities have been determined for each of the major complexes. For the molybdenum(VI) complex [MoO2(C8H6O3)2]2–, log β122= 15.93, ΔH°=–78.2 and TΔS°= 12.7 kJ mol–1 respectively and for the tungsten(VI) complex, [WO2(C8H6O3)2]2–, log β122= 17.59, ΔH°=–86.3 and TΔS°= 14.1 kJ mol–1. The equilibrium constant and the enthalpy change for the protonation of mandelate have also been determined, log k= 3.15 and ΔH=–0.05 kJ mol–1. The energetics of complexation is discussed in terms of the thermodynamic quantities.