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Issue 4, 1993
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Co-ordination of (o-aminophenyl)diphenylphosphine in complexes containing the [Mv= O]3+(M = Tc or Re) core


Reduction–substitution reactions of [TcO4] with (o-aminophenyl)diphenylphosphine (HL) at a strictly controlled stoichiometric metal/ligand ratio gave neutral oxotechnetium(V) complexes of the type [TcOL2(OR)](R = Me 1 or Et 2). Analogous [ReOL2(OR)] species (R = H 3, Me 4, Et 5, Pr 6, Bu 7, C2H4OH 8, C3H6OH 9, Ph 10 or OCMe 11) are instead produced via ligand-exchange reactions in basic media starting from [ReOCl4]. Compounds 1–11 are referred to as ‘equatorial’ because the co-ordination of both bidentate L chelates occurs symmetrically in the equatorial plane orthogonal to the M[double bond, length as m-dash]O moiety, with a mutual cis-phosphorus configuration. The site trans to the oxo group is always occupied by an oxygen-containing monodentate ligand the co-ordination of which determines the stability of this class of octahedral complexes. Nevertheless the OR group is easily exchangeable with other nucleophiles available in the reaction mixture by the mass effect and/or donor ability of the incoming ligand. The crystal structures of complexes 1 and 5 have been determined: 1, monoclinic, space group P21/c, Z= 4, a= 12.156(3), b= 26.005(6), c= 10.953(2)Å, β= 102.49(2)°, R′ 0.0611 using 1766 observed reflections; Tc–O(1) 1.700(8), Tc–O(2) 1.999(8), Tc–P 2.511(3) and 2.503(4), Tc–N 1.972(10) and 1.976(8)Å; O(1)–Tc–N 105.8(4) and 103.6(4), O(1)–Tc–P 88.1(3) and 88.9(2), O(1)–Tc–O(2) 158.3(3)°; 5, monoclinic, space group P21/c, Z= 4, a= 12.056(3), b= 26.303(6), c= 11.005(3)Å, β= 102.32(2)°, R′ 0.0614 using 4752 observed reflections; Re–O(1) 1.692(7), Re–O(2) 2.004(7), Re–P 2.495(2) and 2.493(3), Re–N 1.990(8) and 2.003(7)Å; O(1)–Re–N 104.6(3) and 102.6(3), O(1)–Re–P 89.1(2) and 88.8(2), O(1)–Re–O(2) 160.8(3)°. By treatment of [MOL2(OR)] solutions with HX (X = halide), further reduction to lower-oxidation-state species occurs when M = Tc, while another class of stable and neutral oxo complexes, termed ‘twisted’, is produced when M = Re. Two mutually orthogonal L chelates co-ordinate the metal while still preserving the cis-phosphorus configuration, one ligand bridging an equatorial and an apical position (with the phosphinoamido nitrogen trans to the Re[double bond, length as m-dash]O linkage) and the other two equatorial positions. The equatorial plane is completed by a halide atom. The chloro derivative [ReOL2Cl] exhibits two crystalline forms, α(12) and β(13), the crystal structures of which have been determined: 12, monoclinic, space group P21/n, Z= 4, a= 9.594(1), b= 9.594(1), b= 18.565(4), c= 17.656(2)Å, β= 91.00(1)°, R′ 0.0477 using 2979 observed reflections; Re–O 1.767(7), Re–Cl 2.436(3), Re–P(1) 2.429(3), Re–P(2) 2.479(3), Re–N(1) 1.986(9), Re–N(2) 2.029(8)Å; O–Re–N(2) 162.8(3), O–Re–N(1) 108.6(3)°; 13, orthorhombic, space group P212121, Z= 4, a= 10.196(5), b= 14.047(6), c= 21.987(8)Å, R′ 0.0671 using 2501 observed reflections; Re–O 1.69(1), Re–Cl 2.422(6), Re–P(1) 2.434(5), Re–P(2) 2.476(5), Re–N(1) 2.01(1), Re–N(2) 2.04(1)Å; O–Re–N(2) 162.7(6), O–Re–N(1) 109.0(7)°. The interconversion between ‘equatorial’ and ‘twisted’ species is discussed. Elemental analyses, FAB mass, IR, electronic, 1H and 31P NMR spectra are reported. The 31P NMR signal is diagnostic for both classes of complexes in solution, being a singlet for the ‘equatorial’ and two doublets for the ‘twisted’ species, respectively.

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Article information

J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1993, 605-618
Article type

Co-ordination of (o-aminophenyl)diphenylphosphine in complexes containing the [Mv= O]3+(M = Tc or Re) core

F. Refosco, F. Tisato, G. Bandoli, C. Bolzati, A. Dolmella, A. Moresco and M. Nicolini, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1993, 605
DOI: 10.1039/DT9930000605

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