Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 5, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

Microwave-assisted synthesis of porous Mn2O3 nanoballs as bifunctional electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction and evolution reaction

Author affiliations

Abstract

Technological hurdles that still prevent the commercialization of fuel cell technologies necessitate designing low-cost, efficient and non-precious metals. These could serve as alternatives to high-cost Pt-based materials. Herein, a facile and effective microwave-assisted route has been developed to synthesize structurally uniform and electrochemically active pure and transition metal-doped manganese oxide nanoballs (Mn2O3 NBs) for fuel cell applications. The average diameter of pure and doped Mn2O3 NBs was found to be ~610 nm and ~650 nm, respectively, as estimated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The nanoparticles possess a good degree of crystallinity as evident from the lattice fringes in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The cubic crystal phase was ascertained using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The energy dispersive spectroscopic (EDS) elemental mapping confirms the formation of copper-doped Mn2O3 NBs. The experimental parameter using trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) as the chelating agent to control the nanostructure growth has been adequately addressed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The solid NBs were formed by the self-assembly of very small Mn2O3 nanoparticles as evident from the SEM image. Moreover, the concentration of TOPO was found to be the key factor whose subtle variation can effectively control the size of the as-prepared Mn2O3 NBs. The cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge studies demonstrated enhanced electrochemical performance for copper-doped Mn2O3 NBs which is supported by a 5.2 times higher electrochemically active surface area (EASA) in comparison with pure Mn2O3 NBs. Electrochemical investigations indicate that both pure and copper-doped Mn2O3 NBs exhibit a bifunctional catalytic activity toward the four-electron electrochemical reduction as well the evolution of oxygen in alkaline media. Copper doping in Mn2O3 NBs revealed its pronounced impact on the electrocatalytic activity with a high current density for the electrochemical oxygen reduction and evolution reaction. The synthetic approach provides a general platform for fabricating well-defined porous metal oxide nanostructures with prospective applications as low-cost catalysts for alkaline fuel cells.

Graphical abstract: Microwave-assisted synthesis of porous Mn2O3 nanoballs as bifunctional electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction and evolution reaction

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 04 Aug 2015, accepted on 16 Sep 2015 and first published on 21 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CY01264C
Author version
available:
Download author version (PDF)
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016,6, 1417-1429

  •   Request permissions

    Microwave-assisted synthesis of porous Mn2O3 nanoballs as bifunctional electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction and evolution reaction

    S. Ghosh, P. Kar, N. Bhandary, S. Basu, S. Sardar, T. Maiyalagan, D. Majumdar, S. K. Bhattacharya, A. Bhaumik, P. Lemmens and S. K. Pal, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016, 6, 1417
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CY01264C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements