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Issue 6, 2012
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Enhanced visible photocatalytic activity of titania–silica photocatalysts: effect of carbon and silver doping

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Abstract

To utilize efficiently visible light in photocatalytic reactions, a series of doped TiO2 photocatalysts were synthesized via a facile solvothermal method. The photocatalysts were characterized with various techniques. The results indicated that all the photocatalysts were of an anatase phase, the Ag0.010C2.0–TS0.20 sample possessed the largest surface area (306.0 m2 g−1) and pore volume (2.05 cm3 g−1). The carbon dopant existed in the surface layer of the TiO2–SiO2 composite and narrowed the energy band gap, which induced visible light absorption. Silver existed on the particle surface and in two forms, Ag+ and Ag0, which acted together to inhibit the recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes. The photoactivities were evaluated by decomposition of RhB under visible irradiation. It was found that the Ag–C/TS photocatalyst exhibited the highest visible photoactivity, with the molar ratios of Ag–Ti, and C–Ti of 0.005, and 2.0, respectively, corresponding to the reaction rate constant 2.09 h−1. The reaction rate was 52.3, 11.2 and 2.33 times higher than that of TiO2 (0.04 h−1), Ag0.005–TiO2 (0.186 h−1) and C2.0–TiO2 (0.897 h−1), respectively. The enhanced visible photocatalytic activity can be attributed to the synergetic effects of silver and carbon doping, as well as silicon introduction. The photocatalytic reaction mechanism was verified with ESR technique; furthermore, both the hydroxyl radical and superoxide radical played a critical role on the photocatalytic reaction, in addition, DMPO–˙H was found in the ESR experiments.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced visible photocatalytic activity of titania–silica photocatalysts: effect of carbon and silver doping

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Dec 2011, accepted on 24 Feb 2012 and first published on 27 Feb 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CY00545J
Catal. Sci. Technol., 2012,2, 1213-1220

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    Enhanced visible photocatalytic activity of titania–silica photocatalysts: effect of carbon and silver doping

    Q. Chen, H. Shi, W. Shi, Y. Xu and D. Wu, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2012, 2, 1213
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CY00545J

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