Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies on structural transformations of porous coordination polymers†
X-Ray single-crystal diffraction has been the most straightforward and important technique in structural determination of crystalline materials for understanding their structure–property relationships. This powerful tool can be used to directly visualize the precise and detailed structural information of porous coordination polymers or metal–organic frameworks at different states, which are unique for their flexible host frameworks compared with conventional adsorbents. With a series of selected recent examples, this review gives a brief overview of single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies and single-crystal to single-crystal transformations of porous coordination polymers under various chemical and physical stimuli such as solvent and gas sorption/desorption/exchange, chemical reaction and temperature change.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs)