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Issue 22, 2014
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Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production from biomass derivatives and water

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Abstract

Hydrogen, a clean energy carrier with high energy capacity, is a very promising candidate as a primary energy source for the future. Photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen production from renewable biomass derivatives and water is one of the most promising approaches to producing green chemical fuel. Compared to water splitting, hydrogen production from renewable biomass derivatives and water through a PEC process is more efficient from the viewpoint of thermodynamics. Additionally, the carbon dioxide formed can be re-transformed into carbohydrates via photosynthesis in plants. In this review, we focus on the development of photoanodes and systems for PEC hydrogen production from water and renewable biomass derivatives, such as methanol, ethanol, glycerol and sugars. We also discuss the future challenges and opportunities for the design of the state-of-the-art photoanodes and PEC systems for hydrogen production from biomass derivatives and water.

Graphical abstract: Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production from biomass derivatives and water

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Article information


Submitted
01 Nov 2013
First published
06 Mar 2014

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014,43, 7581-7593
Article type
Tutorial Review
Author version available

Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production from biomass derivatives and water

X. Lu, S. Xie, H. Yang, Y. Tong and H. Ji, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 43, 7581
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60392J

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