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Issue 1, 2013
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Tailored crystalline microporous materials by post-synthesis modification

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Crystalline microporous solids are an important class of inorganic materials with uses in different areas impacting our everyday lives, namely as catalysts, adsorbents, and ion exchangers. Advancements in synthesis have been invaluable in expanding the classical aluminosilicate zeolites to new unique framework types and compositions, motivating innovative developments. However, the inexhaustible post-synthetic options to tailor zeolite properties have been and will continue to be indispensable to realize emerging and to improve conventional applications. Starting from the routine drying and template removal processes that every zeolite must experience prior to use, a wide spectrum of treatments exists to alter individual or collective characteristics of these materials for optimal performance. This review documents the toolbox of post-synthetic strategies available to tune the properties of zeolitic materials for specific functions. The categorisation is based on the scale at which the alteration is aimed at, including the atomic structure (e.g. the introduction, dislodgment, or replacement of framework atoms), the micropore level (e.g. template removal and functionalisation by inorganic and organic species), and the crystal and particle levels (e.g. the introduction of auxiliary porosity). Through examples in the recent literature, it is shown that the combination of post-synthetic methods enables rational zeolite design, extending the characteristics of these materials way beyond those imposed by the synthesis conditions.

Graphical abstract: Tailored crystalline microporous materials by post-synthesis modification

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Article information

31 May 2012
First published
20 Sep 2012

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013,42, 263-290
Article type
Review Article

Tailored crystalline microporous materials by post-synthesis modification

V. Valtchev, G. Majano, S. Mintova and J. Pérez-Ramírez, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 263
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35196J

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