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Issue 10, 2012
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5-Substituted dipyrranes: synthesis and reactivity

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Dipyrranes constitute important building blocks in the synthesis of porphyrins, corroles, chlorins, calix[4]pyrroles, porphodimethenes, BODIPY dyes and dipyrrinato complexes. This tutorial review describes the overall progress made in the last twenty years in this field, mainly focusing on the most practical and useful synthetic methodologies and offers a critical comparison of various conditions reported in the literature. This review also deals with the reactivity of 5-substituted dipyrranes presenting the scope of their reactions with electrophiles.

Graphical abstract: 5-Substituted dipyrranes: synthesis and reactivity

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Article information

06 Jan 2012
First published
14 Mar 2012

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 3780-3789
Article type
Tutorial Review

5-Substituted dipyrranes: synthesis and reactivity

D. T. Gryko, D. Gryko and C. Lee, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 3780
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS00003B

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