Scalable spectrally selective mid-infrared meta-absorbers for advanced radiative thermal engineering†
Metamaterials with spectrally selective absorptance operating in the mid-infrared range have attracted much interest in numerous applications. However, it remains a challenge to economically fabricate scalable meta-absorbers with tailorable absorptance bands. This work demonstrates a conceptually simple and low-cost yet effective design strategy to achieve spectrally selective absorption with tailorable band positions at MIR by colloidal lithography. The strategy ingeniously uses residual diameter fluctuations of circular resonators etched through monodisperse colloidal particles for achieving superposition of multiple magnetic resonances and thereby a more than doubled absorption band, which is neglected in previous works. The proposed meta-absorber features densely packed thick aluminum resonators with a rather narrow diameter distribution and enhanced capacitive coupling among them. Moreover, the tailorability of the absorption band can be achieved by a parameterized variation in the fabrication process. As a proof of concept, infrared stealth and radiative cooling are demonstrated based on our meta-absorbers. The design and fabrication strategy create versatile metamaterials for advanced radiative thermal engineering.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2020 PCCP HOT Articles