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Issue 20, 2020
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Quantifying the hygroscopic properties of cyclodextrin containing aerosol for drug delivery to the lungs

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Abstract

Aerosol dynamics is important to quantify in drug delivery to the lungs with the aim of delivering therapeutics to a target location and optimising drug efficacy. The macrocycle (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin (2-HP-β-CD) is thought to alleviate symptoms associated with neurodegenerative diseases when inhaled but the hygroscopic response is not well understood. Here we measure the hygroscopic growth of individual aqueous aerosol containing 2-HP-β-CD in optical tweezers through analysis of morphology-dependent resonances arising in Raman spectra. Droplets are analysed in the size range of 3–5 μm in radius. The evolving radius and refractive index of each droplet are measured in response to change in relative humidity from 98–20% to determine mass and radius based hygroscopic growth factors, and compared with dynamic vapour sorption measurements. Bulk solution refractive index and density measurements were used in accordance with the self-consistent Lorenz–Lorentz rule to determine melt solute and droplet properties. The refractive index of 2-HP-β-CD was determined to be 1.520 ± 0.002 with a density of 1.389 ± 0.005 g cm−3. To our knowledge, we show the first aerosol measurements of 2-HP-β-CD and determine hygroscopicity. By quantifying the hygroscopic growth and physicochemical properties of 2-HP-β-CD, the impact of aerosol dynamics can be accounted for in tailoring drug formulations and informing models used to predict drug deposition patterns within the respiratory system.

Graphical abstract: Quantifying the hygroscopic properties of cyclodextrin containing aerosol for drug delivery to the lungs

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
12 Mar 2020
Accepted
06 May 2020
First published
06 May 2020

This article is Open Access

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2020,22, 11327-11336
Article type
Paper

Quantifying the hygroscopic properties of cyclodextrin containing aerosol for drug delivery to the lungs

C. P. F. Day, A. Miloserdov, K. Wildish-Jones, E. Pearson and A. E. Carruthers, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2020, 22, 11327
DOI: 10.1039/D0CP01385D

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