Proton NMR relaxation from molecular dynamics: intramolecular and intermolecular contributions in water and acetonitrile†
NMR relaxation rates for protons in liquid water and neat acetonitrile were computed based on ab initio molecular dynamics (aiMD) with forces from Kohn–Sham (KS) theory as well as force-field (FF) based classical dynamics. Intra- and intermolecular dipole–dipole contributions were separated, and nearly quantitative agreement with experiment was obtained for water. Spin-rotation (SR) contributions to the intramolecular relaxation rate in acetonitrile were computed using nuclear SR coupling tensors obtained from KS theory. Their inclusion improved the total computed intramolecular rate to within a factor of two of experiment. Insufficient sampling of rare short-time collision events between neighboring acetonitrile molecules in the simulations is hypothesized as a major source of error in the intermolecular contributions.