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Issue 47, 2018
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Feature optimization for atomistic machine learning yields a data-driven construction of the periodic table of the elements

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Abstract

Machine-learning of atomic-scale properties amounts to extracting correlations between structure, composition and the quantity that one wants to predict. Representing the input structure in a way that best reflects such correlations makes it possible to improve the accuracy of the model for a given amount of reference data. When using a description of the structures that is transparent and well-principled, optimizing the representation might reveal insights into the chemistry of the data set. Here we show how one can generalize the SOAP kernel to introduce a distance-dependent weight that accounts for the multi-scale nature of the interactions, and a description of correlations between chemical species. We show that this improves substantially the performance of ML models of molecular and materials stability, while making it easier to work with complex, multi-component systems and to extend SOAP to coarse-grained intermolecular potentials. The element correlations that give the best performing model show striking similarities with the conventional periodic table of the elements, providing an inspiring example of how machine learning can rediscover, and generalize, intuitive concepts that constitute the foundations of chemistry.

Graphical abstract: Feature optimization for atomistic machine learning yields a data-driven construction of the periodic table of the elements

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Sep 2018, accepted on 01 Nov 2018 and first published on 12 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05921G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 29661-29668

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    Feature optimization for atomistic machine learning yields a data-driven construction of the periodic table of the elements

    M. J. Willatt, F. Musil and M. Ceriotti, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 29661
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05921G

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