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Issue 40, 2018
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Hydration of 3-hydroxy-4,4-dimethylglutaric acid with dimethylamine complex and its atmospheric implications

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Abstract

Atmospheric aerosols have a tremendous influence on visibility, climate, and human health. New particle formation (NPF) is a crucial source of atmospheric aerosols. At present, certain field observations and experiments have discovered the presence of 3-hydroxy-4,4-dimethylglutaric acid (HDMGA), which may participate in NPF events. However, the nucleation mechanism of HDMGA has not been clearly understood. In addition, dimethylamine (DMA) is an important precursor of nucleation. The nucleation mechanism involving HDMGA and DMA has not been studied. In this study, the most stable structures of (HDMGA)(H2O)n (n = 0–3) and (HDMGA)(DMA)(H2O)n (n = 0–3) were obtained by using M06-2X coupled with the 6-311++G(3df,3pd) basis set. The α-carboxyl group is directly attached to the amino group in all the most stable configurations. Proton transfer enhances the strength of a hydrogen bond, as well as promotes the generation of a global minimum structure. Temperature has a considerable influence on the distribution of isomers for (HDMGA)(DMA)(H2O)3 as compared to the other investigated clusters. The Gibbs free energy values reveal that most of the clusters can exist in NPF, except for (HDMGA)(H2O)1. The process of adding a cluster of (H2O)n more likely occurs in the atmosphere than gradually adding a single water molecule.

Graphical abstract: Hydration of 3-hydroxy-4,4-dimethylglutaric acid with dimethylamine complex and its atmospheric implications

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jun 2018, accepted on 19 Sep 2018 and first published on 25 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04029J
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 25780-25791

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    Hydration of 3-hydroxy-4,4-dimethylglutaric acid with dimethylamine complex and its atmospheric implications

    Y. Han, Y. Feng, S. Miao, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, C. Wang, J. Chen, Z. Wang, T. Huang, J. Li and W. Huang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 25780
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04029J

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