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Issue 23, 2018
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Real space bond orders are energetic descriptors

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Abstract

Orbital invariant position space techniques are used to show a theoretical link between the conventional concept of bond order and the energetics of chemical interactions. Taking advantage of the parallelism between the covalent and ionic interaction energies in the interacting quantum atoms (IQA) approach, a real space ionic bond order is defined. Expanding the covalent and ionic interaction energies as a multipolar series we show that the zeroth order terms in the expansion, those dominating the total interaction, are nothing but distance-scaled bond orders. A chemically intuitive picture emerges in which bonding is brought about by the Coulomb attraction of permanently transferred electrons, that give rise to ionic terms, and of the Coulombic attraction of half the shared pairs, which provide the covalent contributions. A set of representative molecules are examined to explore how the zeroth order approximation works. We show that, as expected, the approximation improves with interatomic distance.

Graphical abstract: Real space bond orders are energetic descriptors

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Article information


Submitted
18 Apr 2018
Accepted
22 May 2018
First published
22 May 2018

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 16231-16237
Article type
Paper

Real space bond orders are energetic descriptors

A. Martín Pendás and E. Francisco, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 16231
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02485E

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