Friction and diffusion of a nano-colloidal disk in a two-dimensional solvent with a liquid–liquid transition
We report on the friction and diffusion of a single mobile nano-colloidal disk, whose size and mass are one and two orders of magnitude, respectively, greater than the molecules of the host solvent; all particles are restricted to move in a two-dimensional space. Using molecular dynamics simulations, the variation of the transport coefficients as a function of the thermodynamic state of the supporting fluid, in particular, around those states in the neighbourhood of the liquid–liquid phase coexistence, is investigated. The diffusion coefficient is determined through the fit of the mean-square displacement at long times and with the Green–Kubo relationship for the velocity autocorrelation function, whereas the friction coefficient is computed from the correlation of the fluctuating force. From the determination of the transport properties, the applicability of the Stokes–Einstein relation in two dimensions around the second critical point is discussed.