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Issue 23, 2017
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Heteroaggregation of oppositely charged particles in the presence of multivalent ions

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Abstract

Time-resolved dynamic light scattering is used to measure absolute heteroaggregation rate coefficients and the corresponding stability ratios for heteroaggregation between amidine and sulfate latex particles. These measurements are complemented by the respective quantities for the homoaggregation of the two systems and electrophoresis. Based on the latter measurements, the stability ratios are calculated using Derjaguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek (DLVO) theory. In monovalent salt solutions, the two types of particles investigated are oppositely charged. In the presence of multivalent ions, however, one particle type reverses its charge, while the charge of the other particle type is hardly affected. In this region, the heteroaggregation stability ratio goes through a pronounced maximum when plotted versus concentration. This region of slow aggregation is wider than the one observed in the corresponding homoaggregation process. One also finds that the onset of this region sensitively depends on the boundary conditions used to calculate the double layer force. The present results are more in line with constant potential boundary conditions.

Graphical abstract: Heteroaggregation of oppositely charged particles in the presence of multivalent ions

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
27 Mar 2017
Accepted
12 May 2017
First published
12 May 2017

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 15160-15171
Article type
Paper

Heteroaggregation of oppositely charged particles in the presence of multivalent ions

T. Cao, T. Sugimoto, I. Szilagyi, G. Trefalt and M. Borkovec, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 15160 DOI: 10.1039/C7CP01955F

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